We would rather not think of the time when we’re no longer around. But it’s important to protect the things that really matter – like our loved ones, home and lifestyle – in case the unexpected happens.
Life insurance (sometimes called ‘life cover’) is all about making sure your dependants have the money they need if you were no longer around. Its most important function is to replace the earnings that would cease at the death of the insured.
Losing your current and future income
If you die during your earning years, your family could suffer a severe economic loss as a result of losing your current and future income. Unfortunately, your family would still have to pay its regular bills, the mortgage and outstanding debts, and perhaps even continue saving for university and retirement.
Unless you’re independently wealthy, achieving these goals may be virtually impossible for your family with the loss of your steady income. Life insurance offers a way for your family to continue living comfortably without worry.
Helps you to financially protect your family
We insure our cars, homes and even our mobile phones – so it goes without saying that we should also be insured for our full replacement value to ensure that our loved ones are financially catered for in the event of our premature death.
Life insurance helps you to financially protect your family. It could pay out a cash sum if you die while covered by the policy. You choose the amount of life cover you need and how long you need it for, and you can pay your premiums monthly or annually.
Coping financially during an otherwise difficult time
Life insurance provides a safety net for your family and loved ones if you die, helping them cope financially during an otherwise difficult time. Ultimately, it offers reassurance that your family would be protected financially should the worst happen.
We never know what life has in store for us, so it’s important to get the right life insurance policy. A good place to start is asking yourself three questions: What do I need to protect? How much cover do I need? How long will I need cover for? This sum must take into account their living costs, as well as any outstanding liabilities, such as a mortgage.
Obtaining the right advice and knowing which option to choose
It may be the case that not everyone needs life insurance. But if your spouse and children, partner, or other relatives depend on your income to cover the mortgage or other living expenses, then it will be something you should consider.
Life insurance makes sure they’re taken care of financially if you die. So whether you’re looking to provide a financial safety net for your loved ones, moving house or a first-time buyer looking to arrange your mortgage life insurance – or simply wanting to add some cover to what you’ve already got – you’ll want to make sure you choose the right type of cover. That’s why obtaining the right advice and knowing which option to choose – including the most suitable sum assured, premium, terms and payment provisions – is essential.
Reaching different stages in your life that require protection
The appropriate level of life insurance will enable your dependants to cope financially in the event of your premature death. When you take out life insurance, you set the amount you want the policy to pay out should you die – this is called the ‘sum assured’. Even if you consider that currently you have sufficient life assurance, you’ll probably need more later on if your circumstances change. If you don’t update your policy as key events happen throughout your life, you may risk being seriously under-insured.
As you reach different stages in your life, the need for protection will inevitably change. How much life insurance you need really depends on your circumstances – for example, whether you’ve got a mortgage, you’re single or have children. Before you compare life insurance, it’s worth bearing in mind that the amount of cover you need will very much depend on your own personal circumstances, such as the needs of your family and dependants.
What you need to ask yourself:
- Who are your financial dependants – your husband or wife, registered civil partner, children, brother, sister, or parents?
- What kind of financial support does your family have now?
- What kind of financial support will your family need in the future?
- What kind of costs will need to be covered, such as household bills, living expenses, mortgage payments, education costs, debts or loans, or funeral costs?
There is no one-size-fits-all solution, and the amount of cover – as well as how long it lasts for – will vary from person to person.
These are some events when you should consider reviewing your life insurance requirements:
- Buying your first home with a partner
- Covering loans
- Getting married or entering into a registered civil partnership
- Starting a family
- Becoming a stay-at-home-parent
- Having more children
- Moving to a bigger property
- Salary increases
- Changing your job
- Reaching retirement
- Relying on someone else to support you
- Personal guarantee for business loans
Enable loved ones to maintain their current standard of living
The price you pay for a life insurance policy depends on a number of things. These include the amount of money you want to cover and the length of the policy, but also your age, your health, your lifestyle and whether you smoke.
If you have a spouse, partner or children, you should have sufficient protection to pay off your mortgage and any other liabilities. After that, you may need life insurance to replace at least some of your income. How much money a family needs will vary from household to household, so ultimately it’s up to you to decide how much money you would like to leave your family that would enable them to maintain their current standard of living.
Types of life insurance
There are two basic types of life insurance: ‘term life’ and ‘whole-of-life’. But within those categories, there are different variations.
The cheapest, simplest form of life insurance is term life insurance. It is straightforward protection – there is no investment element, and it pays out a lump sum if you die within a specific period. There are several types of term insurance.
The other type of protection available is a whole-of-life-insurance policy, designed to provide you with cover throughout your entire lifetime. The policy only pays out once the policyholder dies, providing the policyholder’s dependants with a lump sum, usually tax-free. Depending on the individual policy, policyholders may have to continue contributing right up until they die, or they may be able to stop paying in once they reach a stated age, even though the cover continues until they die.
Clarify what you want the life insurance to protect
Generally speaking, the amount of life insurance you may need should provide a lump sum that is sufficient to remove the burden of any debts and, ideally, leave enough over to invest in order to provide an income to support your dependants for the required period of time.
The first consideration is to clarify what you want the life insurance to protect. If you simply want to cover your mortgage, then an amount equal to the outstanding mortgage debt can achieve that.
To prevent your family from being financially disadvantaged by your premature death, and to provide enough financial support to maintain their current lifestyle, there are a few more variables you should consider:
- What are your family expenses, and how would they change if you died?
- How much would the family expenditure increase on requirements such as childcare if you were to die?
- How much would your family income drop if you were to die?
- How much cover do you receive from your employer or company pension scheme, and for how long?
- What existing policies do you have already, and how far do they go to meeting your needs?
- How long would your existing savings last?
- What state benefits are there that could provide extra support meet your family’s needs?
- How would the return of inflation to the economy affect the amount of your cover over time?
The plan will have no cash in value at any time and will cease at the end of the term. If premiums are not maintained, then cover will lapse. The information given is not intended to provide legal, tax or financial advice.